This week I have been reading The Year Without Pants by Scott Berkun. This is one of those rare beasts – a book about management and leadership that had me engrossed in every word.
The book is Berkun’s account of working for Automattic, the company that built and runs WordPress. It’s really about how someone with a traditional management background at Microsoft coped with leading a team of techies at a company with no email, an open vacation policy, no offices and few conventional rules.
It is a fascinating insight to a futuristic work culture that many of us would love to experience.
There are no formal interviews for jobs in the company and they are not interested in CV’s. Automattic hire via a trial process doing real work with real tools. If you do well, you get hired. Simple.
Induction? Like all new Automatticians, Berkun spent his first few weeks not doing anything related to the role he had been hired to fill but working as a “Happiness Engineer” in the front-line customer support function fixing issues with people’s blogs. He was expected to pull his weight and his performance was tracked and measured. This gave him a complete understanding of the company product and how it works.
The company culture is a results first culture. All that matters is your output. It doesn’t matter where, when or how long you work. You can be sitting at home with no pants on for all they care, all the emphasis is on being productive without the traditional workplace distractions. Team meetings happen in chat rooms and via Skype.
In the way WordPress is all about democratising publishing, so it seems to me the company’s culture is also about democratising the workplace and removing the distractions and management/support layers that are considered crucial in most organisations.
One paragraph leapt out at me from the page and really made me think. I reproduce it below word for word:
“Any manager who eliminates superfluous traditions takes a step toward progress. If removing a restriction improves performance or has no impact on performance but improves morale, everyone wins. Continuing tradition simply because it’s a tradition works against reason. It assumes that five thousand years from now, if our species survives, we’ll still be wearing shirts and ties and fighting through traffic to arrive at 9.00am. Every tradition we hold dear was once a new idea someone proposed, tried, and found valuable, often inspired by a previous tradition that had been outgrown. The responsibility of people in power is to continually eliminate useless traditions and introduce valuable ones. An organisation where nothing ever changes is not a workplace but a living museum.”
Take email for example. Berkun estimates email communication amounts to about 1% of communication at Automattic. The rest of us have become slaves to email, constantly checking our mobile devices even out of hours to devour and respond to any email communication, particularly those of us who work in globally distributed companies. Have you ever imagined life without email? If you are older, can you remember life before email?
Technology these days has made it possible to survive without email so why aren’t more of us trying that? There are so many other ways of communicating one to one with distant and not so distant colleagues. I would go so far as to suggest if every company got rid of email, we would all be far more productive and collaborative at a stroke. Is this one of the changes we will see in the workplace over the next few years I wonder?
In his final chapter, Berkun focuses on the meaning of work and this also had me thinking. Many people do not associate meaning with work, and see it only as something serious they have to do to get paid. He makes the point that often the people who are paid the most are the most confused, because deep down they know their work has little meaning to themselves or others.
There is always an assumption that the big promotion, or that dream job with high wages, will make us blissfully happy when often it doesn’t.
What ultimately makes us happy and provides meaning is working in a company with strong values, a long term vision and doing work that matters to us individually while making a difference to someone else. You might argue a lot of workplaces are already like that. But we do the work on their terms not ours. For another interesting perspective on work meaning, check out last week’s post by Perry Timms.
As more and more discussions spring up about the future of our HR profession, surely we need to be discussing the future workplaces we want to see alongside that? We can’t map out a future for HR unless we understand the cultures, work practices and types of workers that will become the mainstream in future years.